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The RioZim Share Scandal



As per minutes of a meeting of the board council on venture held at 1 Kenilworth, Highlands, Harare on September 11, 2014, at 10:30 hours, sharp contrasts developed over related gathering exchanges.

“At the board meeting held on 21st August 2014 the issue of related party transactions was considered in some depth and the need for transparency emphasized. The committee was now being requested to endorse a proposal to violate ZSE (Zimbabwe Stock Exchange) rules and recommend this to the board. In terms of ZSE listing requirements Rule 5.42: ‘any underwriting commission paid to a shareholder should not be above the current market rate payable to independent underwriters’,” the minutes read.

This was after Gem tried to charge 5% (US$500 000) as the underwriting fee for the transaction. Gem eventually charged an underwriting fee of 3% of US$10 million.

“Enquiries have revealed that the going rate for an arm’s length transaction is 2% yet the company was required to pay Gem as underwriter a commission of 5% of the total subscription value of the rights offer shares on the basis that there was no one willing to underwrite at 2%. It was submitted that a proposal should then be put out to the market as to whether there was anyone willing to underwrite up to 5%,” the minutes read.

“The chairman was of the view that essentially this was a commercial issue which must be negotiated between the parties. He proposed returning to the agenda, but this proposal was rejected on the basis that all other matters were routine and standard: the salient issues raised need to be addressed first.”

A former member of the board said Sharin Omarshah, the company’s general counsel and legal secretary at the time, queried aspects of the US$10 million rights issue.

Battle lines were drawn

Mordecai Mahlangu, an Old Mutual nominee to the board, is said to have conflicted with Randhawa over his intends to get RioZim to incorporate Gem’s US$2,877 million owed in administration charges as a major aspect of the US$10 million to be raised from investors for the restart of Cam and Motor Mine. Albert Nhau is likewise said to have addressed Randhawa about the need to go to the gathering with the US$45 million as these would douse fires as was concurred.

Nhau and Mahlangu and the then administrator (now late) Elisha Mushayakarara felt this added up to particular treatment of investors.

“Basically, the issue was that Gem was being treated like a preferential creditor. It just wasn’t right,” a person close to the deliberations said.

Mahlangu surrendered before the plan to change over obligation to-value was executed with investors’ gesture.

As foreseen, the rights issue roundabout disguised the US$2,887 million owed to Gem RioZim as money for “renegotiating of assets as of now exhausted and general purposes” in the rights issue breakdown.

This added up to deluding the market with respect to the board.

Unbeknown to different investors, US$3 million of theUS$10 million would be utilized to pay Gem.

A US$700 000 advance was additionally included. The Lovemore Chihota-drove board withheld the way that US$2,887 million would be paid to Gem.

Basically, investors had been driven down the garden way. Be that as it may, Mahlangu would not have any of it, the story goes.

He is said to have questioned the game plan on the grounds the rights issue must be for a capital undertaking and couldn’t pay his administration charges to another investor.

“They conflicted on that big time,” a man on the board said.

Mahlangu, as indicated by sources, battled dauntlessly for the privileges of different investors with respect to Gem’s intends to gather US$3 million in administration charges.

“He was let down by his principal, Old Mutual, whose interests on the board he was representing,” a person close to the developments said.

As indicated by the source, Old Mutual saw RioZim as a castaway and irrelevant resource in its mining portfolio. At a market top of US$125 million in June 2009, Old Mutual’s speculation was worth US$28 million.

Presently it is worth US$4,4 million at the current week’s cost of 17 US pennies.

“With regards to Old Mutual’s values portfolio, the RioZim venture was little. What’s more, they were not stressed by the advancements,” a source said. “So they simply let Randhawa have his direction.”

This enabled Gem to build its shareholding in RioZim to 44%.

After Randhawa gained half of Sengwa Colliery and 78% of Murowa Diamonds, he now controls RioZim’s reality class resources.

Basically, Gem has stripped RioZim off its significant resources.

Inquiries sent to Old Mutual corporate interchanges specialist Tendai Mutseyekwa three weeks back had not been reacted to at the season of going to print. Old Mutual CE Jonas Mushosho had guaranteed to react to enquiries through Mutseyekwa.

“All media enquiries must be managed by corporate interchanges. Converse with them,” Mushosho said. In any case, another Old Mutual representative, Kurai Matsheza stays on the board.

At the point when gone after remark on the administration expenses and his conflicts with Randhawa, Mahlangu declined to remark referring to privacy.

“I am bound by privacy and can’t react to any of your questions,” Mahlangu said a week ago.

Right around eight chiefs have left the gathering since 2012 when Gem put resources into RioZim.

With Mahlangu and Nhau were gone, who were viewed as the soul of the board, disagree appeared to have left with them.

In the chase to supplant organization secretary Regis Taruvinga, who had ventured down, another voice of contradiction would be conceived.

Taruvinga’s substitution, Omarshah, would turn into the focal point of Randhawa’s assaults. Her wrongdoing — legal exhortation over the Murowa precious stone obtaining.

In her minutes of the September 11 board advisory group meeting, she was against a few infringements of law and “abuse ZSE runs and prescribes this to the board”.

Omarshah is said to have cautioned Randhawa of the presence of 2004 investors assertion and the means to take given that RioZim was a recorded organization.

She had prescribed an exceptional general meeting (EGM) where Gem would not be permitted to vote on the exchange and issuance of preventative explanations, among different necessities.

In accordance with ZSE rules administering related gathering exchanges, RioZim ought to have issued a preventative explanation and pulled out of an EGM and assemble the meeting to affirm the pitch to a related gathering.

RioZim investors had pre-emptive rights for the Rio Tinto Plc 78% value stake and rights to follow along to their 22% value stake in Murowa at an indistinguishable term from Rio Tinto as accommodated by the investor’s understanding of 2004 and the main right of refusal on Rio Tinto’s 78% stake.

A portion of the things she proposed was to take after posting rules managing related gathering exchanges and adhering to exposure rules.

Under the posting rules, Gem was an invested individual in the securing of Murowa, a partner organization and different divulgences expected to be made in accordance with the global best practice and ZSE rules.

“What she was proposing was in accordance with universal best practice. Fundamentally, she requested that Randhawa’s proclaim to people in general that he was a related gathering to the exchange and that all prerequisites of the ZSE must be met. Be that as it may, Randhawa didn’t that way.”

Jewel and its valuable investor, Randhawa, who are delegated material investors under the ZSE rules, ought to have pronounced their advantage.

Omarshah is said to have educated Randhawa to look for another legal supposition.

“Another legal opinion from a respected law firm was sought and it concurred with her recommendations. At that stage, she was targeted, and she stepped down,” a source close to the developments said.

The Independent followed Omarshah to her present boss, yet she would not be attracted to remark on the issue of the legal feeling and her association with her previous manager.

She declined to remark referring to privacy.

“I have given my side of the story to National Economic Conduct Inspectorate and I can’t remark on that.”

Jewel has since neglected to respect the US$45 million term sheet on convertible debentures which would have been non-dilutive to different investors. Other RioZim investors have been weakened at 15 US cents, a fourth of the cost when he assumed control and without putting in a solitary cent.

Corporate incest

At the point when the rights issue was mooted, RioZim Foundation, the third biggest investor in RioZim with a 11,25% stake in the business, affirmed the rights offer. This was despite the way that RioZim Foundation did not have assets to take after its own particular rights when called upon in a rights issue.

Accordingly, RioZim Foundation now holds just 4,92% of the gathering’s issued share capital or six million offers from 11%. The offers were normally procured by Gem as the financier.

Chihota, a nominee of Randhawa, is likewise RioZim Foundation director while Noah Matimba, the present CE of RioZim, who was again delegated by the agent, is the present appointee administrator, as indicated by the organization’s site.

Inquiries of the freedom of the two executives have been raised and if this did not add up to corporate inbreeding.

All withdrew for shares were gobbled up by Gem, who were the guarantors of the exchange.

Just 67% took after their rights, leaving Gem to get the adjust.

Jewel RioZim expanded its shareholding from a 25% stake to 45%. Randhawa did not pay a cent for 10% of his stake.

Others, for example, CM Brand, V Hungwe, E Makonese and HJ Malaba, L Mhlanga and P Mutekedza are trustees.

In light of this reality, Chihota and Matimba could have reneged on their guardian obligations as executives of RioZim Foundation when they permitted the rights issue to proceed when they knew the full effect of the weakening.

“This was a breach of their fiduciary duties. They didn’t act in the best interest of the foundation. How does the foundation back a right issue it has no money to finance? It’s just curious. What is worrying is if it can be proven that they could have acted to ensure that Gem got more shares in the company in unsubscribed for shares, then this becomes a worse scandal,” a source said.

The corporate interbreeding does not end there. Chihota and Matimba are likewise chiefs of Murowa Diamonds.

All the more worringly, Chihota and Matimba have an earlier working relationship. Chihota was as of not long ago executive Aurex Holdings (Pvt) Ltd, an adornments maker while Matimba was procured as the MD of Aurex. Matimba at that point joined RioZim in 2014 as CE. His arrangement concurred with the rise of Chihota to administrator of RioZim. Before his arrangement in November 2014, Chihota was a non-official executive of RioZim.

All bark and no bite

While the ZSE has clear posting rules on related gathering exchanges, it has not been strict in their application.

This, advertise players say, could set a priority for would-be guilty parties as they see the trade as a toothless bulldog.

The Securities Exchange Commission of Zimbabwe (SECZ), the controller of the ZSE, additionally does not have the legal spine to act and force brutal punishments to wrongdoers. Although SECZ has been on the cutting edge of advancing investor rights, even huge institutional financial specialists, for example, Old Mutual and the National Social Security Authority (Nssa) have not practiced their rights as they ought to have.

Old Mutual held 22,8% before the rights issue. While the money related combination took after its rights in the capital raise, it was detached on the suggestions the rights issue on ther investors.

Nssa has generally been squeezing for its rights in organizations it is put resources into. A year ago, Nssa spoke to SECZ to intercede after the reserve’s previous administration chose to take after piece of its rights in ZimRe Holdings Ltd (ZHL).

Tragically, SECZ did not make a move when it wound up plainly clear that investors were not given satisfactory data on ZHL bargain in accordance with posting prerequisites, which say organizations must make full exposures.

Robber Barons

Market players say the ZSE is gradually sliding into an ungoverned market open to control much the same as the times of Robber Barons.

Looter Baron was a term connected to deceitful American representative in the nineteenth Century who occupied with exploitative and monopolistic practices, used far reaching political impact and amassed huge riches

The US securities exchange was unregulated at the time and inclined to controlling by deceitful merchants. Some outstanding burglar noblemen, for example, Jay Gould were merciless at utilizing procedures, for example, cornering a stock, drive costs up and demolishing theorists who were short on the stock, wagering the cost would go down.

ZSE-related gathering rules are intended to avoid exchanges, for example, the RioZim and Murowa one where a controlling investor utilizing his insider position acquires access to data which is lucrative and keep for themselves.

Pearl ended up able to consult with RioTinto over the transfer of Murowa and Sengwa as a result of pre-emptive rights which had a place with all investors of RioZim attributable to the 2004 investors’ assention.

Where is the ZSE?

Basically, the minority investors of RioZim have lost the opportunity to follow through on their capital or a chance to profit by what might have been a huge capital pick up had the 78% of Murowa been properly purchased by RioZim.

Specialists say the ZSE itself lost what could have turned into a considerably greater posting on the trade. An enhanced RioZim Group with Murowa, the gold interests and 100% control of Sengwa would have equaled Delta Beverages as the biggest posting on the neighborhood bourse.

RioZim administration has issued different forthcoming articulations praising Murowa’s standpoint in 2016 and past. The organization has likewise gotten down to business and plans to build up a power station with Eskom or the Dangote Group.

Minorities say this could have profited all RioZim investors. Just Gem has benefitted from the offer of Murowa and half of Sengwa.

“What they forget to add to their excitement is how it would have been an infinitely better deal if RioZim actually owned 100% Murowa and 100% of Sengwa,” a concerned shareholder said this wek. “Then every shareholder would have benefitted from the risk they took in investing their savings in RioZim on the ZSE. As things currently stand, someone will make a lot money selling Murowa’s gem diamonds in Europe and Sengwa’s coal fuel to the power station — that person will not be RioZim.”

A year after the offer of Murowa, the ZSE has not completely examined the exchange.

“The ZSE rules with regards to dealing with related parties as well as the issuing of cautionary statements when dealing with material information were not complied with — what is there to investigate?” a shareholder said.


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A Breakdown Of HIP-HOP’s Most Notorious Murders




Tupac Shakur and Christopher Wallace, otherwise called Biggie Smalls, were probably the most notable and powerful rappers of our opportunity.

Despite the fact that the two specialists ruled the hip-bounce scene in the mid ’90s — with Tupac in California and Biggie in New York — they were both deplorably slaughtered in drive-by shootings. Their homicides have stayed unsolved until this day, and the twosome’s warmed East Coast-West Coast contention has energized different paranoid notions throughout the years.

Who was 2Pac?

Tupac Amaru Shakur was conceived on June 16, 1971. In spite of the fact that he would wind up synonymous with West Coast hip-jump, he was conceived in New York City. His folks were the two individuals from the Black Panther Party.

2Pac’s late mother, Afeni, wound up pregnant with her child while on bail. According to NBC News, she had really been charged, alongside different individuals from the Panthers, for scheming to bomb police headquarters and retail establishments in New York City, and in spite of the fact that the charges were later absolved she had burned through 11 months in prison.

2Pac’s dad, Billy Garland, lost contact with the rapper when he was 5 years of age. They wouldn’t rejoin until the point when 2Pac was 23.

In 1996, 2Pac told writer Kevin Powell in Vibe magazine that “I thought my dad was dead all my life. I believed I required a daddy to give me the general tour and I didn’t have one.”

A single parent with two youngsters, Afeni moved the family frequently and battled monetarily. They in the end moved to Baltimore, and 2Pac selected at the esteemed Baltimore School for the Arts. He met his friend Jada Pinkett Smith there and called the time “the freest I at any point felt.”

Simply this year, Jada opened up about her association with 2Pac on Sway’s Sirius XM appear, conceding that she met him when she was managing drugs.

“I’ve been having sort of an existential emergency around Pac since I was turning out, he was coming in, and there was a time when we met. And afterward we kinda were going our different ways. What’s more, I just felt like, ‘alright, God, one day you will improve the situation Pac what you improved the situation me, which is, you spared me.’ And that just never occurred for him,” she said.

[Photo: Getty Images]

The family moved to Marin City, California, and Afeni capitulated to split addiction, according to NBC News.

At 17, 2Pac met a lady named Leila Steinberg, who might help him in the long run get his foot into the music business in 1990 as a roadie and artist for the hip-bounce gather Digital Underground known for “The Humpty Dance.”

In 1991 a recording debut on “Same Song” was made by him from the Nothing yet Trouble soundtrack. He marked to Interscope Records and discharged his presentation collection, 2Pacalypse Now, in 1991. The collection was proclaimed for going up against subjects like bigotry, viciousness and police fierceness, particularly on tracks like “Brenda’s Got a Baby” and “Caught.”

As 2Pac’s mother stated, she was “in the prime of utilizing” and didn’t know that her child was getting to be acclaimed.

She once told the Associated Press: “Somebody disclosed to me that Tupac was on The Arsenio Hall Show, and I thought they were lying.”

She got spotless a year later after 2Pac went up against her.

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Top 3 Scandals In sports




Professional sports is an arena where there is a huge potential for earning and decision making. With immense power to make decision often leads to scandals due to greed and ambitious misconduct. Players, mangers, and club often pay a very hefty price both professionally as well as personally when such events are uncovered. Loss of trust, legal ramifications and a tough after life are probably the results of such scandals.

Today we look at 3 top scandals that rocked the sports world and proved to be a great example for the fans and people around the globe alike.

Rape conviction for Mike Tyson

Mike Tyson is a controversial person. Known for his eccentricities, he had been embroiled in controversies from the beginning of his career. However, the boxing professional life suffered a serious blow when Tyson was convicted of rape. Desiree Washington accused Tyson of raping her in 1991 at an Indianapolis hotel which went on to become the most shocking and sensational trial in sports history. Tyson was eventually found guilty and was sent to prison for 6 years; out of 6 years, he served only 3 years after which he was allowed to fight professionally.

Sexual Assault Case of Kobe Bryant

Basketball sensation Kobe Bryant was arrested in 2003 for sexually assaulting a 19-year-old Canadian woman. Charges were dismissed when the accuser denied testifying and the case was settled out of court. Later it was revealed that the player had sexual relations with the woman but it was a consensual one and therefore was not a criminal. As a result, Bryant lost several of his endorsement deals, including a lucrative one with fast food giant McDonalds. The Bryant case was voted the top sports story of 2003 by the Associated Press.

Doping in Tour de France

Lance Armstrong was the favourite target for the media for doping allegations in the Tour de France race. Despite relentless accusations, Armstrong has never been found guilty of using illegal performance enhancers. However, other cyclist sportspersons like Alexander Vinokourov, Cristian Moreni, Jan Ullrich and Floyd Landis were found guilty in doping.

Scandals remain prevalent in the sports arena due to ambitions and abuse of power. Doping, sexual assault, gambling rackets, weapon assault, etc. are some of the charges that sports professionals are often involved with. The high stress and lavish lifestyle surrounded by tempting offers of corruption and power often pave the way to immoral conduct on the part of sportsperson who are looked upon as role models and trendsetters.

Disclaimer: Photographs utilized by this page is not the sole property of the page or it administrators; the photos utilized by us come from around the worldwide web and are shared publicly.

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MARINE Reports ‘PSTD’ To Avoid Jail Time For Attacking Iraqi Restaurant




Now people use post-traumatic disorder as a reason for assaulting individuals.

A court in Oregon thinks so. Damien Rodriguez won’t confront any correctional facility time despite the fact that he was initially accused of strike and a despise wrongdoing, charges that ordinarily place individuals in prison for no less than five or six years. Rather, he got five years of probation and a fine, The Oregonian reported.

Rodriguez was a dynamic obligation Marine when he assaulted a server at an Iraqi eatery with a seat in Portland last year, The Associated Press reported.

A companion told police that he endured a “flashback within the eatery.” Before assaulting the server he supposedly discussed how individuals he slaughtered in Iraq before saying considerably all the more stigmatizing comments in regards to the nation

There’s no question that the assault happened. It was gotten on video.

Rodriguez, 41, conceded to a hate crime and to attempted assault in Multnomah County Circuit Court, a court that went simple on him on account of a distress he purportedly endured at war. His barrier lawyer contended that the assault originated from his PTSD. Prosecutors had a tendency to concur, expressing that representatives at the Iraqi eatery DarSalam bolstered Rodriguez’s light sentence. The worker didn’t endure genuine wounds and Rodriguez has been requested by the court to give him $11,000 dollars, agreeing to The Daily Beast.

What do you think?

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